What is Trigeminal Neuralgia?


Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic pain that affects the trigeminal nerve present in the face. Trigeminal nerve has three main branches which provide sensations to the scalp, forehead, cheeks, lips and lower jaw. It mainly affects one side of the face but in some cases it affects both side.



Symptoms like deep, dull headache, ache at base of skull, neck and face,  Electric shock-like pain in cheeks, near nose and jaw, Ache in temples, ear pain, facial soreness, limited range of motion of mouth, clicking and joint noise are severe conditions of facial pain.

The Causes:


Most commonly these pain caused by Neck injury, long hours at computer, physical stress, Poor sleeping posture, over-exercising upper body at the gym, Blood vessel pressing on a nerve inside the skull, multiple sclerosis, Grinding of teeth in sleep, cradling phone between neck and shoulder & biting nails.

When to See a Doctor?


General facial pain, which is caused by any kind of injury or headache must be resolved within a week or two. If the pain on the face persists for more than two weeks, then you must consider for checking this with a pain management specialist.

The Treatment Procedure:


Treatment options include medicines, surgery and Radio Frequency Ablation. The most effective way is RFA of Gasserian Ganglion and the procedure is done under local anaesthesia in day care basis.

Dr. Shovan Kumar Rath, Pain and Palliative Care Specialist. Phone : +91-7606002165